NanoGBS - A Miniaturized Procedure for Genotyping By Sequencing Library Preparation

Dr. Maxime de Ronne, Postdoctoral Researcher, Université Laval, Canada
Alex Pierson, Global Product Manager, Beckman Coulter Life Sciences

Conference: SLAS 2022

Next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based genotyping methods, such as genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS), have provided attractive genotyping solutions in numerous species. Here, we present NanoGBS, a miniaturized and eco-friendly method for GBS library construction. Using acoustic droplet ejection (ADE) technology (i.e., an Echo 525 Acoustic Liquid Handler), NanoGBS libraries were constructed in 10-fold smaller volumes compared to standard methods (StdGBS), leading to a reduced use of plastics of up to 90%. A high-quality DNA library and SNP catalogue were obtained with extensive overlap (96%) in SNP loci and 100% agreement in genotype calls compared to the StdGBS dataset with a high level of accuracy (98.5%). A highly multiplexed pool of GBS libraries (768-plex) was sequenced on a single Ion Proton PI chip and yielded enough SNPs (~4K SNPs; 1.5 SNP per cM, on average) for many high-volume applications. Combining NanoGBS library preparation and increased multiplexing can dramatically reduce (72%) genotyping cost per sample.

We believe that this approach will greatly facilitate the adoption of marker applications where extremely high throughputs are required and cost is still currently limiting. To further expand the high-throughput capabilities, we will present automation and integration solutions that make these processes even more streamlined using tip-based and tip-less/acoustic technologies.

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